Exercise Vs. Physical Activity: A Review

Exercise and physical activity are not the same and the distinction is important.  Exercise is a planned activity designed to improve fitness (e.g., strength, flexibility, endurance, body composition) while physical activity is anything done during your day that elevates your activity above the resting state.  Therefore, gardening is physical activity and not exercise while strength training working at a “hard” intensity is exercise.  While beneficial, physical activity does not have the same potential protective and curative effects as exercise.  In other words, exercise must be carefully and purposefully planned to be effective.